Harvey Carr

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In what site can i find psychologist Harvey Carr with his Autobiography and picture? If you can send me a copy please do in my e-mail. It will be a big help. Thank you!

-- gezelle (g23@edsamail.com.ph), September 28, 2001


I'm afraid I know of no such website. However, this is what L. Zusne's _Biographical Dictionary of Psychology_ (Greenwood, 1984) says about him: CARR, HARVEY A.
American Psychologist
Born: Indiana, April 30, 1873
Died: Culver, Indiana, June 21, 1954
Highest Degree: Ph.D. in psychology, University of Chicago, 1905, under J. R. Angell*
Positions: 1906-8, Pratt Institute, Brooklyn; 1908-38, instructor to chairman of Psychology Department, University of Chicago; president, American Psychological Association, 1926

Carr was an experimental psychologist and a leading exponent of the functional point of view in psychology, associated with the University of Chicago. In 1926 he succeeded James Rowland Angell, the first psychologist-functionalist, as chairman of the Department of Psychology at Chicago. Under his leadership the Chicago Psychology Department was the best in the United States. During Carr's time at Chicago, one hundred fifty Ph.D. degrees in psychology were granted, and fifty-three of these doctorates were directed by Carr.

Carr's views on functionalism are presented in his book Psychology: A Study of Mental Activity (1925). By the time Carr wrote his book the period of controversy concerning functionalism was over, and the book served mainly to clarify further the meaning of function and functionalism. The meanings of function as utility and as activity were said by Carr to be combined in psychology in that both implied what is meant in mathematics by y = f(x), that is, a functional or contingent relationship between psychological antecedents and their consequents. Functionalism was also amplified by Carr in his book in that to the antecedent-consequent relationship he added motivation as the guiding factor. Carr's viewpoint was representative of so many American psychologists even while he was at Chicago that he was able to maintain that functional psychology was American psychology. Carr did research in comparative psychology, systematic learning, and visual space perception. His work in the latter area is presented in his Introduction to Space Perception (1935).

Biographies: F. A. Kingsbury, Psychol. Bull. 1946, 43, 259-271; H.L. Koch, Psychol. Rev., 1955, 62, 81-82; W.B. Pillsbury, Amer. J. Psychol., 1955, 68, 149-151; History of Psychology in Autobiography, 3; Psychological Register, 3; Who Was Who in America, 3.

-- Christopher Green (christo@yorku.ca), September 28, 2001.

A bio of Harvey Carr (written by C.W. Tolman, 1999) can be found at the following site: http://www.comnet.ca/~pballan/Carr.htm

Commentary on his works and role in the dismantling of functional psychology (as well as a picture) can be found at:


Cheers, Paul F. Ballantyne

-- Paul F. Ballantyne (pballan@comnet.ca), April 01, 2004.

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